Dealer has apparently been using 5W20 in my '12. Just realized that today. When spring comes I'm going to start doing it myself from now on with 5W30. The 20 weight stuff is like water at full temp.
My dealer put 5W20 in my 12's first oil change, I argued with them but they refused to change it back to 5W30 so I had to do that myself.
Seems they're not the only dealer not following the procedure and most people might not notice.
Considering the heat in So Cal, I will at least keep using 5W30 for summer.
Viscosity is not actually measured in "weights", but rather in units called "Stokes." If you're a famous scientist they name a unit after you. Stokes was a guy who worked on fluid flow. For oils, we use a hundredth of a Stoke, called a centi-Stoke, abbreviated cSt. "Weights" are a classification invented by the American Petroleum Institute (API). A different unit of viscosity, the centi-Poise, is used at very low and very high temperatures. 10 weight oil refers to oils within a range of viscosities, so two different brands of 10 weight oil might actually be quite different. 75 weight gear oil is actually about the same viscosity as 10 weight motor oil. Don't ask me why, I'm not a petroleum engineer.
AE W viscosity grades for engine oils
Grade cranking pumping
0w 3250cP at -30°c 60,000cP at -40°c
5w 3500cP at -25°c 60,000cP at -35°c
10w 3500cP at -20°c 60,000cP at -30°c
15w 3500cP at -15°c 60,000cP at -25°c
20w 4500cP at -10°c 60,000cP at -20°c
25w 6000cP at -5°c 60,000cP at -15°c
SAE viscosity grades for engine oils
Grade low shear high shear
20 5.6 - 9.3 cSt at 100°c 2.6 cP at 150°c
30 9.3 - 12.5 cSt at 100°c 2.9 cP at 150°c
40a 12.5 - 16.3 cSt at 100°c 2.9 cP at 150°c
40b 12.5 - 16.3 cSt at 100°c 3.7 cP at 150°c
50 16.3 - 21.9 cSt at 100°c 3.7 cP at 150°c
60 21.9 - 26.1 cSt at 100°c 3.7 cP at 150°c
a (0w-40, 5w-40, 10w-40 grades)
b (15w-40, 20w-40, 25w-40, 40 grades)
I took my 2009 Rubicon and my 2012 Sport to the dealer for oil change today. Service mgr is a friend and he told me that they stock both oils and put the specified oil in each model year. He told me that for warranty issues you want to use what Chrysler/Jeep recommends.
Most manufacturers are recommending 5w20 in newer vehicles these days for fuel efficiency reasons. Because of CAFE standards, the extra 0.25 mpg from the thinner oil makes a difference from their perspective. But keep in mind also that from their perspective your engine only needs to last until the warranty expires - so what's what's best for them isn't necessarily what's best for you or your engine. I've always used 5w30 for the extra protection it offers.