Hopefully someone can help clarify what is going on with my Jeep. I purchased a used 2002 TJ 4.0l Auto with 113k miles one month ago. I am new to Jeeps and slowly working through all the issues of my new purchase. Bear with me this may be a long post.
This morning I got in the Jeep and started it up normally, backed out of the garage and turned it off. Five minutes later, kids on board ready for school, the Jeep won't start. It just does nothing. After getting the kids to school in another car, I go into trouble shooting mode. When you turn the key to start it, the Jeep does everything it should except turn over the engine. I hear a solenoid click under the dash, the fan and radio turn off, but no sounds from under the hood. The lights do not dim. Instrument cluster acting normal. I checked every fuse and swapped relays, cleaned the battery post, and tried to jump it. No luck. I took a multi meter and found that I wasn't getting 12v to the starter solenoid. Sure enough, if I jumped the starter solenoid with the key on, the Jeep started right up and runs fine. That at least solved the stuck in the street problem.
Now here is where I get confused. In fiddling with the key to get the darn thing to start, I got what I think are three P codes to flash where the mileage is usually displayed. I can repeat it by turning the ignition on and off three times (just fast enough to where the mileage comes into view). First question, is that a valid way to read P codes on a Jeep? If it is awesome! So the three codes are: 0122, 0456, and 1685. Quick google search and these are:
0122 - Throttle position sensor input below acceptable range: Interesting, I have had an intermitten check engine light. This might be the cause.
0456 - Evap leak monitor small leak detected in the evaporative system: If this is the A/C evaporator then that explains my 3 day freon leak in my A/C.
1685 - SKIM Invalid Key. The engine controller has received an invalid key from the SKIM
The last one is the one that has me worried. How do you fix that? New ignition switch? I tried both keys (both look like OEM keys) but neither worked.
One final note, after disconnecting the battery to clean the post, the codes all disappeared (along with my check engine light) but the Jeep still won't start with the key.
First, the SKIM invalid key code. An incorrect or bad SKIM code from a TJ with the SKIM security system will let the engine start but it will kill the engine 1-2 seconds later. So your symptom doesn't point to a bad SKIM key. If your igntion key is gray colored, it has a SKIM chip inside and odds are good your TJ has the SKIM security system. If it is black and has started your Jeep ok in the past, your Jeep doesn't have a SKIM system.
I would next check to see if the Starter relay inside the PDC (power distribution center) behind the battery is energizing. If the Starter relay is not clicking (put your ear next to it), I would swap that relay with one of the others of similar size since they are the same relay. If swapping relays doesn't help and the starter relay never clicks/energizes when the ignition switch is turned to Start, that indicates either a bad ignition switch or bad wiring between the ignition switch and starter relay (not the same as the starter solenoid on the starter motor).
If the starter relay clicks/energizes but the starter motor solenoid isn't energizing, you've probably got a bad starter solenoid which is part of the starter motor assembly.
Hope that helps.
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Thanks for the reply. After some more research, I came to the same conclusion you did, it is not a SKIM problem. I have already swapped relays so that is not the problem. Although I should listen to see if they click. I suspect they will not because I am not getting 12v to the starter solenoid when I turn the key. I can start the jeep at will if I put 12v from another source to the starter solenoid so it is not the starter or starter solenoid. At this point it is the ignition switch or the park/neutral safety switch that are more than likely the culprits. I did some more research and decided to check the ignition actuator pin like this thread suggests:
Victory! It was the ignition actuator pin. It broke just like all the other pictures on this forum. Harbor Frieght sells a set of 33 security bits for $7. The new pin comes in tomorrow ($39 from O'Reilly's).
Thanks Jerry for your help and thanks to all the previous folks who allowed me to do the research and figure it out.
Installed the new ignition actuator pin today. It did not put up too much of a fight. All the instructions here, YouTube video, and the instructions that came with the replacement part were all right on the money. Jeep starts normally now.
I would like to add one word of caution for automatic transmission jeeps. When you take the cover off the bottom of the ignition actuator pin, it is attached to a stiff cable that goes to the button on your automatic transmission shifter. The cover has a small keyway in it that will jump right out of there never to be seen again if your not careful. I got lucky, twice! Other than that it was straight forward.
I had a similar issue on Friday night. I noticed that the ASD relay was clicking something mad when I popped the hood. I Googled 2000 Wrangler ASD relay and this is the first thing that popped up. I couldn't open the connector to the PCM, so I did a visual on the lines inside the loom between the battery and firewall. I noticed that the Red/White line was split and had some corrosion. I tried rubbing off the corrosion and the wire broke in to. I didn't have a tool kit with me, so I had to pull a MacGyver and use the innards of a US GOVT ball point pen to connect the split ends. Was I surprised when it fired up right away! I had to do a temporary repair with some wire right now until I get access to a soldering iron. I've thought about replacing the entire harness, but it looks like a lot of work and I think that a solder job would do just fine. 2000 Jeep Wrangler – ASD Relay Not Activating
Just wanted to add to this thread. Left my house on a normal day to the convenience store, then the Jeep wouldn't start. Had power on dash, radio, etc. Seemed like battery was fine. Thought it was clutch safety switch (I have 5 sp man), so I put in a fuse in 20 on fuse block, nothing. Had it towed back home. Got battery and starter check at AutoZone, battery checked bad, bought new battery and terminals. Replaced both, still nothing. I turn it to start and I hear clicking, the Fuel Pump relay was clicking. Went to this thread and learned about the Ignition Switch Actuator Pin, AutoZone had one so I pulled mine out and BAM there is the exact same piece of aluminum broken. Changed it out and now it starts with no issues. So thank you to this forum for the help. I'm normally on JeepForum but this one saved me. Kudos to all of you! Thanks again.
I had this same exact problem. I replaces the starter and batter and was hearing a clicking. The problem for me was a bad connection with the battery wire and the bracket that attached to the battery I just bought a new bracket.