Well, in my opinion, if the filters match up mechanically like that, the bigger filter, assuming it also contains more filter media, will probably filter a little better for these reasons: The bypass will open less often and for a shorter period of time when the oil is cold and thick, and/or the engine RPM is high. A lower rate of face flow velocity usually catches and holds particulates more efficiency than when the fluid is speeding through the media...Larger surface area or media for a given flow slows the velocity and is usually desirable.
But having stated all this theory, I've seen too many engines run 300K miles or better with whatever random oil filters were on sale, and have formed the opinion that any oil filter that runs somewhere around 94%-95% efficiency or better at 20 microns, and holds up in use, is probably plenty good enough for a very long engine life. (Most dirt enters the engine through the air filter anyway.)
Also, you have to be careful of substituting filters from what is tested and specified, especially if the engine is still under warranty.